Ancient Lapis Lazuli with Carnelian Bow Beads and Granulated Silver Beads (2)
Lapis Lazuli, Carnelian, Silver
The necklace is 18 3/8 inches (46.8 cm) in length. The necklace weighs 35.3 gm.
A necklace of thirty-six lapis lazuli beads with five large bow shaped carnelian beads. There are sixteen barrel shaped lapis beads and twenty round lapis beads. The round and barrel shapes alternate so that between each carnelian bow bead there is a module of three beads, a barrel bead with a round one on either side of it. All the stone beads are separated by a granulated silver bead, forty in all. Twenty of them are star-shaped with ten grains and twenty of them are five grains in each bead. The beading tips and hook and eye clasp are also fine (999) silver. The bow shaped beads are relatively large for their type. The one furthest to the back on the right side of the photograph is 2.38 cm in length, 1 cm in width at the center, and 5mm in width at the ends. The bead is 6.5mm in thickness at the center and 3.6mm thick at the ends. The drill hole is 1.75mm in diameter. The next one forward is 3.15cm in length, 1.05 cm in width at the center and 5mm wide at the ends. It is 6.5mm in thickness at the center and 4mm in thickness at the ends. The drill hole is 1.75mm in diameter. The center bead is 2.4 cm in length, 1.35mcm in width at the center and 5.5 mm in width at the ends. The bead is 7mm in thickness at the center and 4.5mm thick at the ends. The drill hole is 1.8mm in diameter. The next bead is 3.25 cm in length, 1.22 cm in width at the center and 1,58cm in width at the ends. The bead is 7 mm thick at the center and 4mm thick at the ends. The drill hole is 1.75mm in diameter. The last bead on the left is 2cm in length and 1.1cm in width at the center. It is 5.5mm in width at the ends, 6.4mm in thickness at the center and 3.5 mm in thickness at the ends. The drill hole is 1.8mm in diameter. The lapis lazuli beads are graduated in size from the front to the back of the necklace. The larger ones to the front are 7mm in width, the round ones are 4mm in length and the barrels are 1cm – 1.1 cm in length. At the back the beads are 4.5mm – 5mm in width. The round ones are 3.5mm – 4mm in length. The barrels are 7mm – 7.5mm in length. The diameters of the drill holes on the lapis beads are all 1.5mm – 1.75mm. The beads are from the Swat Valley in northern Pakistan. The beads were made about two thousand years ago. This was a period of the integration of many regional cultures and included influences from India, the ancient Indus River culture from two thousand years before, as well as the trans- Himalayan culture and through the Silk Road, China.