Ancient Lapis Lazuli and Carnelian Beads with Gold Spacers
Lapis Lazuli, Red Jasper, Carnelian, Agate, 24k gold
The necklace is 19 1/16 inches (48.4 cm) in length. The necklace weighs 16 gm.
A necklace of 96 small round lapis lazuli beads of very dark blue color with thirty small round red jasper and dark red-orange carnelian beads each faced with a pair of gold granulated ring beads. There is a barrel shaped agate bead in the center of the necklace faced with a pair of gold granulated ring beads on each side. The agate bead has a central zone of transparent quartz and the ends are red-orange carnelian. It is the same type as those found in the bead cloak of the Sumerian Queen Pu-abi, now in the British Museum, by Sir Charles L. Woolley in his excavations at Ur in Mesopotamia (1922-34). The central agate bead is 1 cm in length and 5 mm in width at the center. The end widths are 3.9 mm. The hole diameter is 2.5 mm. The two pairs of granulated gold facing beads are 4 mm in diameter. The round lapis beads are 4 mm in diameter decreasing slightly to 3.5 mm at the back of the necklace. The drill hole diameters of the lapis beads are 2.3 mm. The carnelian beads that space the groups of three lapis beads are 4 mm in diameter and 3.2 mm in length, graduating to the back of the necklace to 3.2 mm in diameter and 2 mm in length. The drill hole diameters of these beads is 1.5 mm. The small gold granulated ring beads are 2.5 mm in diameter. All the gold is 24k. The beads of Queen Pu-abi have been dated to 2500 BC. The agate beads in this necklace are from the same period.