Ancient Carnelian and Lapis Lazuli Necklace with Gold Beads
Agate, Lapis Lazuli, 24k gold
The necklace is 21 3/8 inches (54.3 cm) in length. The necklace weighs 15.1 gm.
A necklace of seventy-seven small agate barrel beads of quartz and carnelian with thirteen beads of lapis lazuli of various shapes (barrel shaped, cornerless cube, cylindrical and oblate beads), each faced with pairs of gold granulated ring beads (fifty-two in all), regularly spaced throughout. A set of gold beading tips and a hook and eye clasp complete the necklace. The agate barrel beads range in size from 6mm to 4 mm in length and 4mm in diameter to 2.8 mm. The drill hole diameters are 1 mm. They are carnelian and transparent quartz with some opaque white quartz layers in some of them. Others show whitening (particularly in the carnelian zones of the beads) due to exposure to alkaline soil over a long period of time. The lapis beads have the following dimensions (from the eye of the clasp side) : (1.) cylinder bead- length 6.2 mm, width 2.5 mm, diameter of hole 1.25 mm. (2.) Cornerless cube- length 5.6 mm, width 3.5 mm, hole diameter 2 mm. (a silver tube has been inserted to repair a broken through side of the bead from drilling too close to the side). (3.) A barrel bead- length 5 mm, width at center 4.2 mm, width at ends 3 mm, hole diameter 1.9 mm. (4.) A rectangular solid with cornerless ends- length 9.8 mm, width 4 mm, hole diameter 1.6 mm. ( there is minor chipping at the drill hole on each end). (5.) A cornerless cube bead, flattened form- length 4.9 mm, width 5 mm, thickness 3.3 mm, hole diameter 1.4mm. (6.) A cornerless cube bead, flattened form- length 6 mm, width 4.3 mm, thickness 3.5 mm, hole diameter 2 mm. (7.) A faceted barrel with six sides- length 6.5 mm, width 5.5 mm, width at ends 3, hole diameter 1.5 mm. (8.)A cornerless cube bead, flattened form- length 5 mm, width 5.5 mm, thickness 3.5 mm, hole diameter 1.5 mm. (9.) A slightly flattened barrel bead- length 4.5 mm, width 5 mm, hole diameter 2 mm,. (10.) A cylindrical tube bead- length 1 cm, width 4 mm, hole diameter 2 mm, (11.) A barrel bead (with some white encrustation from burial)- length 5 mm, width at center 4mm, width at ends 3.7 mm, hole diameter 1.9 mm. (12.) A barrel bead – length 6 mm, width 3.9 mm, width at ends 2.9 mm, hole diameter 1.8 mm. (13.) A tapered barrel bead- length 6.2 mm, width at center 2.9 mm, width at ends 1.8 mm, hole diameter 1 mm. The granulated gold ring beads are 3.5 mm in diameter. The gold is all 24k.