Various Ancient Egyptian Amulets and Beads Necklace with Gold
Carnelian, Agate, Amethyst, Lapis Lazuli, Feldspar, Diorite, Faience, 20k gold
The necklace is 27 inches (68.6 cm) in length. The necklace weighs 42 gm.
A necklace of thirty-six small round, carnelian beads and thirty-two larger beads and amulets of various materials such as carnelian, agate, amethyst, lapis lazuli, diorite, feldspar and faience. Each of these stone beads are alternating with 20k gold tube beads, sixty-eight in total. The amethyst scarab at the center of the necklace hangs pendant in a gold mount. There are three carnelian beads with scarab form and four Eye of Horus amulets, three of which are lapis lazuli and one of a turquoise colored faience known as “Egyptian blue.” There are twelve corn flower blossom amulets, six are jasper, four are carnelian and two are lapis lazuli. There are ten round beads, seven are carnelian, one is white quartz, one is green feldspar and one is diorite. Two carnelian barrel beads complete the necklace. The scarabs in the necklace are 1.25 cm – 1.4 cm in length, 8 mm – 9mm in width and 5 mm in thickness. The carnelian scarab shown above has the most carving with legs and head clearly delineated. It has a white patina from long exposure to alkaline soil. The others vary from no details carved to just the head being depicted by three grooves. The larger cornflower blossom amulets are around 2 cm in height and 6.5 mm –8.5 mm in width. The red jasper ones are smaller: 1.15 cm – 1.5 cm in height, 5 mm in width. The smallest lapis pendant is 9.5 mm in height and 4.6 mm in width. The Eye of Horus amulets are 1.35 cm – 1.45 cm in length, 1.1 cm in width and 4 mm in thickness. The round beads are 1cm – 6 mm in diameter and the smallest carnelian beads are 3.4 mm in diameter with drill holes of 2 mm diameter. The gold tube beads are 3mm in diameter and 4 mm in length. In ancient Egypt the fundamental and most compelling purpose for the wearing of jewelry was to protect from hostile forces and misfortunes. Amulets and beads were worn by every level of society. The colors of the stones themselves were protective as they came from the earth and preserved within themselves the color of life-blood, the fresh green of up sprouting vegetation, the blue of life-giving water, and the blue of the sacred sky realms. One was adorned with a celebration of all the nurturing powers of the earth. Among such magical substances must also be included gold. Easily worked and never loosing its luster, it contains within itself all the fiery light and glory of the sun. Amulets and beads were often worn in random arrangements and this necklace has an element of the random incorporated into its structure. Although there are symmetries in the design, there are also asymmetries in the use of the larger round beads of differing materials. The strict alteration of the stone beads with the gold tubes provides a strong unifying factor for the disparate elements.