Ancient Carnelian and Lapis Barrel Beads with Turquoise and Gold Tubes
Carnelian, Lapis Lazuli, Turquoise, 20k gold
The necklace is 19 3/8 inches (49.2 cm) in length. The necklace weighs 23 gm.
A necklace of twelve gold tube beads faced with small turquoise disc beads alternating with lapis lazuli and carnelian barrel beads, each faced with a pair of granulated gold ring beads, fifty-two in all. A set of gold beading tips and a hook and eye clasp complete the necklace. The gold is 20k. The centerpiece of the necklace is a long tapered carnelian tube bead, a deep red orange color, with darker colored ends. The bead is 2.95 cm in length, 5 cm in width at the center and having end diameters of 3 mm. The drill hole is 2mm in diameter and can be clearly seen through the transparent sides of the bead. It was drilled from both ends and the two holes meet about 1.6 cm from one end. Four of the remaining six carnelian beads are straight sided tube beads, one is a tapered barrel, and one is a tapered barrel but slightly flattened in cross section. The bicone (one back from the center on the left side of the photograph), is 1 cm in length, 5 mm in width at the center and with end diameters of 4 mm. The drill hole diameter is 2.3 mm; it is drilled from both ends and holes meet in the center. Its opposite in the necklace is a tube with a length of 8.8 mm and an outside diameter of 4.4 mm. The hole diameter is 1.2 mm. Back from this bead is a carnelian tube bead with a white quartz end. This bead is 1.08 cm in length, 4 mm in diameter and with a hole diameter of 1.4 mm. Its opposite in the necklace has a length of 1 cm, the width at the center is 5mm-4mm, being slightly flattened in shape and 4mm-3mm in width at the ends. The hole diameter is 1.3 mm. The two carnelian tube beads at the back are both 7.5 mm in length and 4 mm in diameter. The hole diameters are 1.5mm and 2 mm. We estimate the age, based on these measurements, to be about two thousand years old. The lapis lazuli barrel beads are 1 cm in length , 4.3mm- 5mm in width at the center, 3.5 mm in width at the ends and with drill hole diameters of 2 mm. The turquoise discs are 3 mm in diameter and 2mm to 3mm in length. The gold tubes are 1.25 cm in length and 3 mm in diameter. The gold ring beads are 3.8 mm in diameter. The gold is 20k. The beads are Asiatic in origin, but the feel of the necklace is ancient Egyptian. The beads are contemporaneous with the New Kingdom, and beads very similar to these were used in that time.