Ancient Tabular Carnelian Beads with Etched Carnelians and Gold
Carnelian, 20k gold, 24k gold
The necklace is 19 ½ inches (49.5 cm) in length. The necklace weighs 23 gm.
A necklace of twenty-three etched carnelian barrel shaped beads alternating with tabular carnelian beads. Between each carnelian bead is a a 20k gold granulated ring bead. The beading tips are decorated with granulation and are 24k gold as is the hook and eye clasp. The center bead which is decorated with two white lines is 1.22 cm in length, 7 mm in width at the center and 4 mm wide at the ends with a drill hole diameter of 1.5 mm. There are six more barrel shaped carnelian beads with two stripes in the necklace, all around 1 cm in length and 5 mm in width at the center. There are twelve smaller etched barrels with one stripe, the largest 1 cm in length and the smallest 5 mm in length. There are a pair of longer etched carnelian beads, one with four stripes and one with five stripes. The four stripped one is 1.85 cm in length, and 5.5 mm in width at the center, 4.9 mm in width at the ends, and a drill hole diameter of 1.5 mm. The bead with five stripes is 2 cm in length, 5.9 mm in width at the center of the bead and 4.2 mm in width at the ends. The drill hole diameter is 1.9 mm. The tabular carnelian beads also graduate from larger to smaller to the back of the necklace. The largest is 8.5 mm in diameter with a thickness of 3 mm and drill hole diameter of 1 mm. The smallest is 2.7 mm in thickness with a drill hole diameter of 1 mm. The etched carnelian beads are probably from the middle period from India and what is now present day Pakistan which would make them about two thousand years old. Horace Beck attributed the specimens known to him to three main periods: Early (before 2000 BC), Middle (300 BC to 200 AD), and Late (600 to 1000 AD). Francis has expanded and revised this dating as follows: Early (2700 BC to 1800 BC), Middle (550 BC to 200 AD), and Late (224 to 642 AD). The tabular carnelian beads are probably a few centuries later.